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Invest Expert

Making The Sense of Investing

Defining 3 Types of Investments: Ownership, Lending, and Cash

There are three main types of investments: ownership, lending, and cash equivalents.


Ownership investments, also known as equity investments, involve buying a stake in a company. This can be in the form of stocks, mutual funds, or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). As an owner, you have the potential to earn profits through dividends or by selling your stake in the company for a higher price. However, ownership investments also carry risk, as the value of the company and your investment can fluctuate.


Lending investments, also known as fixed income investments, involve lending money to an entity, such as a government or a corporation, in exchange for regular interest payments. Examples of lending investments include bonds, certificates of deposit (CDs), and peer-to-peer (P2P) loans. Lending investments tend to be less risky than ownership investments, but they also generally offer lower returns.


Cash equivalents are investments that can be easily converted into cash, such as money market funds and short-term government bonds. These investments are considered very low risk and offer low returns. They are often used as a temporary place to hold money or as a reserve for emergencies.

It’s important to consider your investment goals, risk tolerance, and financial situation when deciding which type of investment is right for you. It’s also a good idea to diversify your investment portfolio by including a mix of different types of investments.


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